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Orthodontic treatment for children

Orthodontic treatment can be an essential part of a child’s oral healthcare. Achieving a beautiful smile from orthodontic treatment in childhood supports a child’s lifetime of healthy teeth.

The British Orthodontic Society recommends that children should have their first check-up with an orthodontist at age nine or at the first recognition of an orthodontic issue which may be as young as 7 years of age.

An orthodontic assessment at this age allows the orthodontist to assess whether a problem exists or is developing. The orthodontist will advise on the right treatment, when to start and the estimated duration.

Signs your child may need orthodontic treatment

You should take your child to visit an orthodontist if you notice any of these early signs.

The first examination

The general recommendation for children is to visit the orthodontist by age nine. Children have both permanent and baby teeth by this age, and the orthodontist can identify orthodontic problems even at the earliest stages.

The following questions are essential during the child’s first exam.

  • Is there an orthodontic problem? If yes, what is it?
  • What are the options to correct these problems?
  • Will teeth removal be necessary?
  • How long will the recommended treatment take?
  • What is the cost of the recommended treatment?

Orthodontist treatment options for children

Fixed braces

Braces consist of brackets fixed to the teeth and wires passed through the brackets to align the teeth during treatment.


Aligners are a series of custom-made, clear, thin plastic trays. They gradually and incrementally move the teeth to the desired position. The aligners are removable, so patient commitment to treatment is necessary.


Retainers are devices that help keep the teeth in place after orthodontic treatment. The options include removable or fixed retainers. They are all designed to maintain the results you achieve after wearing braces.


Archwires are part of braces, fitted into the slots in brackets to help move the teeth.


Upper braces move the top teeth, while the lower ones move the bottom teeth. Fixing the bite requires something to connect both arches. The traction applied by correctly positioned elastics helps the upper and lower teeth fit together correctly.


A mouthguard helps protect the teeth from trauma during sporting activities.

Orthognathic surgery

Orthognathic surgery is corrective jaw surgery to address skeletal problems affecting speaking, chewing and biting.

If you notice signs of an orthodontic issue in your child, ensure you visit Kingston Orthodontics for an orthodontic evaluation. Call 0203 002 2501 to book an appointment with a child orthodontist.

Frequently asked questions

Most orthodontic problems are due to genetics, but some are acquired, developing from sucking the fingers or thumb, dental disease, mouth breathing, poor dental hygiene, dental disease, late or early loss of baby teeth, poor nutrition and accidents.

No, it won’t. Your child’s teeth won’t straighten as they grow. The space for permanent front teeth will not increase with age.

No, you don’t have to wait for a referral if you are willing to access private orthodontic care. If you have any concerns, visit an orthodontist.


Spread the cost of any treatment

We are here to help you achieve the perfect – and affordable – smile so please talk to us about our popular interest-free payment plans. Spread the cost and relax – secure in the knowledge that your treatment will take place on time and on budget.