Orthognathic surgery, often referred to as jaw surgery, is a specialized surgical procedure used to correct significant misalignments or irregularities in the jaws and facial structure.
Orthognathic surgery is primarily performed to address issues related to:
The orthognathic surgery process typically involves several stages:
Orthognathic surgery offers several benefits, including:
Candidates for orthognathic surgery typically have severe jaw misalignments or facial imbalances that cannot be corrected with orthodontics alone. The decision to undergo surgery is made through careful evaluation by orthodontists and oral and maxillofacial surgeons.
It's essential to consult with a qualified consultant specialist orthodontist and an oral and maxillofacial surgeon to determine if orthognathic surgery is appropriate for your specific condition. This surgery can have life-changing benefits for those with significant jaw and facial structure issues, improving self-esteem, function and aesthetics.
This surgery involves repositioning the upper jaw (maxilla). It's commonly used to correct issues such as an overbite (when the upper jaw protrudes forward excessively) or open bite (when the upper and lower teeth don't meet when the mouth is closed).
In this procedure, the lower jaw (mandible) is repositioned. It's often performed to correct underbites (where the lower jaw protrudes forward more than the upper jaw) or severe overbites.
Sometimes performed in conjunction with jaw surgery, genioplasty involves reshaping the chin to achieve better facial balance and harmony.
Many patients require a combination of maxillary and mandibular osteotomies to achieve the desired facial and dental alignment.
Before surgery, a comprehensive assessment is done, including dental impressions, X-rays, and 3D imaging to create a precise surgical plan.
Orthodontic treatment may be necessary to align the teeth correctly before surgery.
Orthognathic surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia to ensure the patient is unconscious and pain-free during the procedure.
The surgeon makes incisions inside the mouth to access the jawbones. This minimizes visible scarring.
Using specialized instruments, the surgeon carefully cuts and repositions the jawbones according to the pre-planned adjustments.
Small plates, screws, or wires are used to secure the repositioned bones in their new alignment.
The incisions are closed with dissolvable sutures.
It's important to note that orthognathic surgery is a highly specialized procedure, and the specific details can vary based on individual patient needs and the surgical plan created by the orthodontic and surgical teams. Patients should have a thorough consultation with their healthcare providers to understand the procedure fully and what to expect during their unique surgical journey.
You can call Kingston Orthodontics on 0203 002 2501 to book an appointment for an initial consultation with our orthodontist to know if you need orthognathic surgery.
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